Prescription Drugs. Doctor's advices on take a drugs - Description, Interactions, Side Effects. Online
Drugs by First Letter:  A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Back to Prescription Drugs 24.com main page News
 
 
  Medical Services  
  Home  
  From A to Z Drug List  
  Drugs by Condition  
   
 
 
  Top 10 Search Drugs by Condition  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
     
 
  Top 100 Popular Drugs  
Abilify
Accutane
Actiq
Actonel
Adderall
Advair
Alimta
Allegra
Alli
Ambien
Amitiza
Aricept
Avandia
Avodart
Boniva
Botox
Byetta
Caduet
Celebrex
Celexa
Chantix
Cialis
Claritin
Coumadin 
Crestor
cyclobenzaprine
Cymbalta
Diovan
Effexor
Emend
Enbrel
ephedrine
Femara
fish oil
Flomax
folic acid
Fosamax
gabapentin
Gardasil
Geodon
Insulin
Juvederm
Keppra
Lamictal
Lasix
Levaquin
Levitra
Lexapro
Lipitor
lisinopril
lithium
Lotrel
Lunesta
Lyrica
Melatonin
metformin
methadone
methotrexate
Mirapex
Mirena
Namenda
naproxen
Nasonex
Neurontin
Nexium
niacin
Norco
Norvasc
omeprazole
Orencia
Ortho Evra
oseltamivir
oxycodone
oxycontin
Paxil
Percocet
phentermine
Plan B
Plavix
prednisone
Prevacid
Prilosec
promethazine
Propecia
Protonix
Provigil
Prozac
Pulmicort 
Restylane
Rogaine
Seroquel
simvastatin
Singulair
Soma
Spiriva
Suboxone
Synvisc
Tamiflu
tamoxifen
Taxol
testosterone
thyroid
Topamax
tramadol
trazodone
Ultram
Valtrex
Viagra
Vicodin
Vioxx
Vytorin
Wellbutrin
Xanax
Xenical
Yasmin
Yaz
Zelnorm
Zetia
Zocor
Zoloft
Zyprexa
Zyrtec
ADVERTISEMENT
     
     
     
 
  Support Services  
About US
Contact US
Helpful Resources
Pharmaceutical Companies
Terms of Use
Privacy Policy
This website is certified by Health On the Net Foundation. Click to verify. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information:
Verify here
 
  Back  
 

Omeprazole

 
  Generic Name: Omeprazole (oh MEP ra zol)
 
  Brand Names: Prilosec  
     
   
 

What is omeprazole?

Omeprazole decreases the amount of acid produced in the stomach.

Omeprazole is used to treat symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and other conditions caused by excess stomach acid. It is also used to promote healing of erosive esophagitis (damage to your esophagus caused by stomach acid).

Omeprazole may also be given together with antibiotics to treat gastric ulcer caused by infection with helicobacter pylori (H. pylori).

Omeprazole may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Important information omeprazole

Before using omeprazole, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs, or if you have heart disease or liver disease. You may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely take this medication.

Omeprazole is not for immediate relief of heartburn symptoms.

Some conditions are treated with a combination of omeprazole and antibiotics. To best treat your condition, use all of your medications as directed by your doctor. Be sure to read the medication guide or patient instructions provided with each of your medications. Do not change your doses or medication schedule without advice from your doctor.

Take omeprazole for the entire length of time prescribed by your doctor. Your symptoms may get better before the condition is completely treated.

Prilosec OTC (over-the-counter) should be taken only once every 24 hours for 14 days. It may take up to 4 days for full effect. Do not take more than one tablet every 24 hours.

Allow at least 4 months to pass before you start another 14-day treatment with Prilosec OTC. Call your doctor if you have additional symptoms and need treatment before the 4 months has passed.

Heartburn is often confused with the first symptoms of a heart attack. Seek emergency medical attention if you have chest pain or heavy feeling, dizziness, pain spreading to the arm or shoulder, sweating, nausea or vomiting, and a general ill feeling.

Before taking omeprazole

Do not use this medication if you are allergic to omeprazole.

Ask a doctor or pharmacist about using this medicine if you have heart disease or liver disease. You may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely take this medication.

Some conditions are treated with a combination of omeprazole and antibiotics. To best treat your condition, use all of your medications as directed by your doctor. Be sure to read the medication guide or patient instructions provided with each of your medications. Do not change your doses or medication schedule without advice from your doctor.

Do not use over-the-counter omeprazole (Prilosec OTC) without the advice of a doctor if you have:

  • trouble or pain with swallowing;

  • bloody or black stools;

  • vomit that looks like blood or coffee grounds;

  • heartburn that has lasted for over 3 months;

  • frequent chest pain;

  • heartburn with wheezing;

  • unexplained weight loss;

  • nausea or vomiting; or

  • stomach pain.

FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether omeprazole is harmful to an unborn baby. Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment. Omeprazole can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. Do not use omeprazole without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

Do not give omeprazole to a child without your doctor's advice.

Heartburn is often confused with the first symptoms of a heart attack. Seek emergency medical attention if you have chest pain or heavy feeling, dizziness, pain spreading to the arm or shoulder, sweating, nausea or vomiting, and a general ill feeling.

How should I take omeprazole?

Omeprazole is not for immediate relief of heartburn symptoms.

Take omeprazole exactly as directed on the label, or as it was prescribed for you. Do not take the medication in larger amounts, or take it for longer than recommended by your doctor. Follow the directions on the medicine label or on your prescription label.

Take each dose of omeprazole with a full glass (8 ounces) of water.

Omeprazole is usually taken before eating. Follow your doctor's instructions.

Do not crush, break, or open an omeprazole delayed-release capsule. Swallow the pill whole. It is specially made to release medicine slowly in the body. Breaking or opening the pill would cause too much of the drug to be released at one time.

You may open the delayed-release capsule and sprinkle the medicine into a spoonful of applesauce to make swallowing easier. Swallow this mixture right away without chewing. Do not save the mixture for later use. Discard the empty capsule.

Prilosec OTC (over-the-counter) should be taken only once every 24 hours for 14 days. Take the medicine in the morning before you eat breakfast. It may take up to 4 days for full effect. Do not take more than one tablet every 24 hours.

Allow at least 4 months to pass before you start another 14-day treatment with Prilosec OTC. Call your doctor if you have additional symptoms and need treatment before the 4 months has passed.

Do not crush, chew, or break a Prilosec OTC tablet. Swallow the pill whole. Take omeprazole for the entire length of time prescribed by your doctor. Your symptoms may get better before your treatment is completed. Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve or if they get worse while you are taking this medicine. Store omeprazole at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take the medicine at the next regularly scheduled time. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine.

Overdose symptoms may include drowsiness, blurred vision, fast heartbeat, nausea, vomiting, sweating, headache, or dry mouth.

What should I avoid while taking omeprazole?

Follow your doctor's instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity while you are using omeprazole.

Omeprazole side effects

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Other less serious omeprazole side effects are more likely to occur, such as:

  • stomach pain, gas;

  • nausea, vomiting, diarrhea; or

  • headache.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Omeprazole Dosing Information

Usual Adult Dose for Duodenal Ulcer:

20 mg orally once a day before a meal. Most patients heal within 4 to 8 weeks.

Usual Adult Dose for Helicobacter pylori Infection:

Dual therapy: omeprazole 40 mg orally once a day in the morning plus clarithromycin 500 mg orally 3 times a day on days 1 to 14. Beginning on day 15, omeprazole 20 mg orally once a day in the morning on days 15 to 28.

Triple therapy: omeprazole 20 mg plus clarithromycin 500 mg plus amoxicillin 1000 mg all given orally twice a day for 10 days. If an ulcer is present at the initiation of therapy, continue omeprazole 20 mg orally once a day for an additional 18 days.

Study (n=294) - Canadian Adult Dyspepsia Empiric Treatment-Helicobacter pylori positive (CADET-Hp): omeprazole 20 mg, metronidazole 500 mg, and clarithromycin 500 mg, twice daily for 7 days.

Usual Adult Dose for Gastric Ulcer:

40 mg orally once a day before a meal for 4 to 8 weeks.

Usual Adult Dose for Erosive Esophagitis:

20 mg orally once a day before a meal. This dosage may be increased to 40 mg per day based on desired clinical response and patient tolerance. Studies have been completed up to 12 months for maintenance therapy of erosive esophagitis.

Usual Adult Dose for Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome:

Initial: 60 mg orally once a day. Dosage should be individualized to patient's needs.

Maintenance: doses up to 120 mg 3 times a day have been administered. Daily doses greater than 80 mg should be divided.

Usual Adult Dose for Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease:

Initial: 20 mg orally once a day before a meal for 4 to 8 weeks. This dosage may be increased to 40 mg per day if needed.

Maintenance: long-term treatment with doses of 10 to 20 mg per day may be required for maintenance therapy of refractory disease and appears to be safe.

Usual Adult Dose for Multiple Endocrine Adenomas:

Initial: 60 mg orally once a day before a meal. This dosage may be titrated based on desired clinical response and patient tolerance.

Maintenance: doses up to 120 mg 3 times a day have been administered. Daily doses greater than 80 mg should be divided.

Usual Adult Dose for Systemic Mastocytosis:

Initial: 60 mg orally once a day before a meal. This dosage may be titrated based on desired clinical response and patient tolerance.

Maintenance: doses up to 120 mg 3 times a day have been administered. Daily doses greater than 80 mg should be divided.

Usual Adult Dose for Dyspepsia:

Prevention of frequent heartburn: 20 mg orally once daily, before a meal, for 14 days.

Usual Pediatric Dose for Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease:

>2 years
<20 kg: 10 mg once a day.
>=20 kg: 20 mg once a day

Studies:
>1 year: 0.7 to 3.5 mg/kg/day, given in 2 divided doses, not to exceed 80 mg daily.

Study (n=115)
<1 year: 1 to 1.5 mg/kg once daily for 56 days. Omeprazole was administered orally as a 2 mg/mL bicarbonate suspension.

Usual Pediatric Dose for Erosive Esophagitis:

>1 years: 0.7 to 3.5 mg/kg/day (maximum 80 mg/day), for 3 months. Dosage increments of 0.7 mg/kg/day to achieve stomach pH of <4.

What other drugs will affect omeprazole?

Before taking omeprazole, tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following drugs:

  • a blood thinner such as warfarin (Coumadin);

  • clopidogrel (Plavix);

  • atazanavir (Reyataz);

  • disulfiram (Antabuse);

  • cyclosporine (Gengraf, Neoral, Sandimmune);

  • tacrolimus (Prograf);

  • phenytoin (Dilantin);

  • theophylline (TheoBid, Theo-Dur, Theochron, Theolair, Elixophyllin, Slo-Phyllin);

  • ketoconazole (Nizoral), voriconazole (Vfend);

  • ampicillin (Omnipen, Principen);

  • iron (Feosol, Mol-Iron, Fergon, Femiron, others); or

  • a medicine for insomnia or anxiety such as diazepam (Valium), alprazolam (Xanax), lorazepam (Ativan), temazepam (Restoril), clorazepate (Tranxene), chlordiazepoxide (Librium), and others.

This list is not complete and there may be other drugs that can interact with omeprazole. Tell your doctor about all the prescription and over-the-counter medications you use. This includes vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start using a new medication without telling your doctor.

Where can I get more information?

  • Your pharmacist can provide more information about omeprazole.
  • Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
  • Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Copyright 1996-2009 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 8.01. Revision Date: 06/04/2009 3:16:10 PM.
 
 
 
Drugs by First Letter:  A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 
Copyright © Prescription-Drug-24.com